Fri May 9 03:44:02 PDT 2014
1. a. The fruit of a tree (see sense 2), a large globose
many-celled berry (HESPERIDIUM) with sub-acid juicy
pulp, enclosed in a tough rind externally of a bright reddish
yellow (== orange) colour.
The common variety is variously called the China, coolie, Lisbon,
Portugal, or sweet o.; the name China orange was especially common
in 17-18th c. Other varieties or species are known as blood(-red),
Malta or Maltese o., a red-pulped variety; Jaffa or Joppa o., a
lemon-shaped and very sweet kind; navel o., a nearly seedless
variety from Brazil, etc., having the rudiment of a second fruit
imbedded in its apex; clove (in Ogilvie 1882), noble, or mandarin
o. == MANDARIN; tangerine o..: see TANGERINE. The fruit of the
Citrus Bigaradia is called the bitter, horned, or Seville o.; and
that of the C. Bergamia, bergamot o. or BERGAMOT.
The 14th century references likely refer to the Jaffa or Maltese, I'd guess=
I. 1. a. A well-known stone-fruit; the pulpy drupe of certain
species (or a sub-genus) of Prunus (family Rosace=E6). When used
without qualification it usually means the fruit of the cultivated
tree (Prunus Cerasus or Cerasus vulgaris); of this, two forms are
now also found wild in Britain; the more distinct of these, the
common Wild Cherry or Gean, is sometimes considered a separate
species (P. Avium).
So, some sorts of oranges are available at least in England in period, but =
again may not resemble the ones we have today.
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