[Sca-cooks] Sugar sponge

Johnna Holloway johnna at sitka.engin.umich.edu
Thu Aug 9 04:51:23 PDT 2007

I checked the indexes of the books on sugar that I bought in Hawaii
and "turbinado" isn't mentioned in the index of those three,  so onto 
other sources.
I've requested The sugar cane industry : an historical geography from 
its origins to 1914 by J.H. Galloway.
Will see what it has.
There's this description here:
The crude juice is improved by removing impurities with slaked lime and 
carbon dioxide, and it is evaporated to form a brown syrupy product 
which can be readily converted into molasses. This was the source of the 
brown sugars (such as turbinado, Muscovado and Demarara) that were 
common in the 17-19th centuries. Sugar in impure form and molasses were 
brought to New England, and trading interests helped ensure that excess 
molasses was converted into rum. Refining of crude sugar results in 
white crystal sugar, which can be used in granulated or powdered forms 
or as lumps. In previous times, sugar loaves were marketed, while rich 
banquet hosts had their chefs produce sugar sculptures similar to ice 

McGee in On Food and Cooking, 2004, talks about:
Factory Brown Sugars
"Factory" brown sugars were originally produced during the initial 
processing of the cane juice into
unrefined sugar. These include demerara, turbinado, and muscovado sugars.
Demerara (named after a region in Guyana) came from the first 
crystallization stage of light
cane juice, and took the form of a sticky large yellow-gold crystals. 
Turbinado was raw sugar partially
washed of its molasses during centrifugation, is also yellow-gold and 
large but not as sticky as
demerara. Muscovado was the product of the final crystallization from 
the dark mother liquor; it was brown,
small-grained, sticky, and strong-flavored." page 674


Terry Decker wrote:
> What they don't say is when and where the process for making turbinado sugar 
> was invented.  Sugar In The Raw is the best known commercial brand.
> Bear
>> **Sugar in the raw http://www.sugarintheraw.com/
>> which comes from Maui
>> is Turbinado Sugar made using 100% pure Hawaiian cane sugar from the
>> initial pressing of the cane, allowing the natural molasses to remain in
>> the crystals. The flavor is sweet and rich. The color is natural amber.
>> Sugar In The Raw is a natural, unrefined sugar made from sugar cane
>> grown in Maui. Juice is extracted from the sugar cane, and then
>> crystallized through evaporation. These crystals are rinsed with a very
>> small amount of water to remove just enough stickiness to make the
>> product free flowing. We pack this turbinado sugar and market it as
>> Sugar In The Raw.
>> Johnnae

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