ANST - Red Organic Dye
gunnora at bga.com
Mon Aug 4 11:17:22 PDT 1997
Barn, you were in dye-r need of help with organic red dyes?
Lark books has a brand new book out on this topic:
Sandberg, Gosta. The Red Dyes:Cochineal, Madder, and Murex Purple $29.95
Some organic dyes that yield red include:
Madder (Rubia tinctoria) - brick red, but DO NOT BOIL the bath or you'll
get orange. Other tips to get a better red include adding chalk, using
alum mordant, and adding ammonia to the dyebath.
Cochineal (Porphyrophora hameli) - a dye made from a scale insect which
infests prickly pear cactus.
Kermes (Kermes vermilio) - another insect dye, made from the parasite of a
prickly evergreen Mediterranean oak. Kemes is the dye which yields the
Lichen, perhaps orchil - Hrolf Kraki's Saga mentions a red lichen dye, this
would be a fermentation method.
Sandalwood - alcohol extracts the dye principle from powdered sandlewood,
and the color is a deep red-orange.
Hopi Red Dye (Amaranthus cruetus) - mordant with copper.
Chaya plant - The traditional Kalamkari dyeing process of India uses roots
to yield a vivid red dye with aluminium.
Choke cherry or wild plum, Tamarack bark, Spruce cones, Sumac berries,
Alder, Hemlock inner bark, Poke berry, Bloodroot, Sassafras, Red Bedstraw,
Buffalo-berry (Lepargyrea), Squaw current, Red Osier Dogwood, and Red cedar
were all used by the American Indians to dye porcupine quills. I don't
know about any of these plants execpt for poke berry: poke gives a
burgundy red, but it cannot be made color fast by any technique I am aware of.
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