HERB - Salerno

Carl/Anne Adamczyk ladygrania at juno.com
Mon Jan 4 17:34:32 PST 1999

Original post lost.

Try The Medieval Health Handbook (in Latin, Tacuinum Sanitatis; sometimes
called Theatrum Sanitatis). New York: George Brazillier, 1976. ISBN

The Brazillier edition is a quality reprint of selections from an
illuminated medical text executed in the 14th or early 15th centuries.
The illuminations include accurate color depictions of common vegetables
at the medieval table to include the beet, fennel, rice, melons, squash,
oranges, and dill. Other illustrated items  include sage, rye, rue, and
sweet majoram.

The Salernan school of medicine first appears in the 9th or 10th century
and was probably incorporated as a university around 1100.  Its fame
rested on the skills of its practitioners who were noted healers.  The
women of the Salernan school were especially famous as healers.  The
Salernan school emphasized what we moderns might call preventive health
care in that the text of  the Theatrum recommends good diet, exercise,
and rest as effective means to keep and regain one's health.

The Salernan school was particularly noted for its use of Arab thought in
medicine. This is not surprising considering its location of the South
Italian coast and proximity to Sicily.  The school would contribute to
the development of the modern medical curriculum with its emphasis on
anatomy, sound rules of diet, and a distinctly modern method: treat the
whole patient.

English translations of the works of Galen and Avicenna, particularly The
Canon of Medicine, are available.
You may be interested in a secondary work: Nancy G. Siraisi, Medieval and
Early Renaissance Medicine (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
ISBN: 0-226-76130-4.

Try Lynn Thorndike History of Magic and Experimental Science (New York:
Columbia University Press, 1927-1958).  This eight volume work is the
definitive work on the topic and is in print.

With best wishes that thy days may be filled with humor and mirth, I

In service

Andreas Kalisiensis
Chirurgeon of Buckland Cross in the East

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