[Sca-cooks] early european 'beverage'? / pear juice
edoard at medievalcookery.com
Sat Nov 11 07:19:12 PST 2006
Very interesting stuff! Where was this from? Italy?
Since the word "siceratores" (brewers) is used, are they talking
about fermented pear juice (similar to hard cider), or fresh, or both?
On Nov 11, 2006, at 9:45 AM, sera piom wrote:
> << On another List, a scholar mentioned this:
> "Fortunatus in the sixth century describes the abstemious
> Radegund as drinking only water sweetened with
> pear juice." >>
> As far as I can see, he mentioned two different drinks.
> Venantius Fortunatus (see Patrologia Latina vol. 88,504)
> "potum vero praeter aquam mulsam, atque [NOTE m] piratium
> non bibit; [NOTE n] vini vero puritatem, aut [NOTE o] medi
> decoctionem, cervisiaeque turbidinem non contigit."
> That is: she drank nothing else apart from sweetened water
> and pear juice. "Piratium" is a noun referring to
> pear juice.
> The note m says "Pyratium, seu pyraticum, erat
> succus expressus e pyris, qui pro vino adhibebatur.
> S. Hieron., lib. II contra Jovin. 'Paulus', inquit,
> 'Timotheo dolenti stomachum, vinum suadet bibere, non
> Roughly: Pyratium is juice that has been
> pressed from pears. It is used instead of wine. Hieronymus
> reports, that Paul recommended to Timotheus, who had a bad
> stomach, to drink wine instead of pear juice.
> In another Vita S. Radegundis, Hildebertus Cenomanensis
> (PL 171.976) wrote:
> "Sitim, quam nimia panis accendit ariditas, vel aquae mulsae,
> vel piratii haustu mitigavit. Nam vini, seu cervisiae nullam
> fecit omnino mentionem."
> Roughly: She mitigated the thirst, aroused by the strong
> dryness of the bread, by drinking either sweetened water
> or pear juice.
> In one of the Capitularia Caroli Magni (PL 97.355), the people
> producing pear juice are even mentioned:
> "45. Ut unusquisque iudex in suo ministerio bonos habeat artifices,
> id est fabros ferrarios, et aurifices, vel argentarios, sutores,
> tornatores, carpentarios, scutarios, piscatores, aucipites,
> id est aucellatores, saponarios, siceratores, id est qui
> cervisam vel pomatium, sive piratium, vel aliud quodcumque
> liquamen ad bibendum aptum fuerit, facere sciant; pistores,
> Roughly: the siceratores [brewers], that is the people
> who know to make beer, apple juice, pear juice or any
> other fluid which one may drink.
> Serafina Piomba
More information about the Sca-cooks