[Sca-cooks] cow butter?
lilinah at earthlink.net
lilinah at earthlink.net
Thu Jun 3 12:36:54 PDT 2010
>In real life, I own a small, private, goat dairy. I make cheese,
>butter, yogurt and more from the milk.
>Goat milk does separate, it just takes longer. I let it sit on the
>counter, at room temp (in western WA state, so we are talking anywhere
>from 60-70 F), for a day or two and skim off the risen cream. There is
>still plenty of cream left in the milk to make a semi-skim cheese.
>Some people let the milk sit in their refrigerator, which is safer in
>warm climates. I don't bother, because I use raw milk and while it's
>sitting on the countertop it's culturing for both the butter and the
>Goat milk also separates easily with a standard cream separator. I
>just haven't bought one yet.
SCA-period Ottoman recipes frequently call for butter in both savory
and sweet recipes.
Ewes supplied most milk, and sheep in general provided most meat (the
price of sheep meat was maintained at a low price by Ottoman market
regulations) and the most common cooking fat, sheep tail fat in the
The palace bought beef only once per year, using it only to make
bastirma, forerunner of pastrami... and personally i prefer Armenian
and Turkish bastirma. In SCA period, and into the 17th c., the cattle
generally came from the Balkans, a long and arduous cattle drive, as
some literature points out. Cow dairies were not common near
Kostantiniyye (Constantinople, now Istanbul) until some ways into the
17th c. And i haven't read anything to suggest that the Palace kept
its own cow herds, although perhaps they had a some animals.
Of course, since they are from the Palace, the sultan's cooks would
have access to difficult to get ingredients, brought in from great
distances, perhaps including cow's milk butter. But this makes me
wonder if perhaps some of the butter came from ewe's milk, as did
most of the yogurt and cheeses.
When i cook for large numbers of people i use more reasonable priced
cow's milk yogurt and butter (gotta keep on budget). For cooking
classes, however, i often bring a small container (since all i can
find are small containers) of ewe's milk yogurt and pass it around so
people can taste the difference between it and cow's milk yogurt. It
behaves differently in cooking, too, as at least one recipe points
out, recommending the addition of a little wheat starch to cow's milk
yogurt so it won't curdle/separate when subjected to high heat, but
no need to add starch if using ewe's milk.
Now i wonder if i could make butter from ewe's milk. What is
available in shops is pasteurized... can one still let it separate or
does the high heat make that impossible? I know i couldn't separate
it if it were homogenized, but i suspect it isn't homogenized... i'll
have to check next time i'm in the market.
Urtatim [that's err-tah-TEEM]
the persona formerly known as Anahita
More information about the Sca-cooks